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Do you know the difference between a DM and a collector?

Difference Between District Collector and District Magistrate: Many times people get confused about DM and Collector posts. They do not know whether the two are different or identical. People are not aware of their responsibility. However, students preparing for the Civil Services Examination (CSE) at the Public Union Service Commission (UPSC) are said to be preparing to become a DM or a Collector. In such a situation, it is important that you have the right information on this. This is what we are talking to you today.

Before you know about the District Magistrate, the DM and the District Collector, you need to know some basics. There have been talk of four pillars in a democracy. Namely, executive, judicial, legislative, and media. It is the executive’s responsibility to maintain law and order at any place. An officer appointed to maintain law and order is called a District Magistrate or DM.

Know what the pre-independence rule was
In pre-independence country, judicial and executive power was vested in one person. But after the constitution was passed, public service was separated under Article 50. Thus the responsibility and jurisdiction of the Deputy Commissioner and the DM are separated. The DM obtains its powers from the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), 1973. But the collector obtains land from the Land Revenue Code, 1959. It is the job of both officials to coordinate between different departments and agencies in the district. In most states of the country, the authority of the Collector is also entrusted to the function of the DM, which is why many believe that the DM and the Collector are the same. This is not necessary, however.

Do you know what the difference is?

District CollectorSheriffs are the biggest authority on revenue management in any district. In the matter of revenue, the responsibility of the government through the Divisional Commissioner and the Commissioner of Finance is with the District Collector. The District Collector is the highest judicial officer of any district. Know what the main responsibilities of the sheriff are.

Revenue Court
Excise duty collection, irrigation dues, income tax dues and dues.
Relief and Rehabilitation Work.
Intermediary of Land Acquisition and Land Revenue Collection.
Land Records System.
Distribution of agricultural loans.
Issuance of statutory certificates such as nationality, residence, marriage, SC / ST, OBC, financially vulnerable class.
District Banker Coordinating Committee Chairman.
Headed by the District Planning Center.

District MagistrateThe District Magistrate is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer. DM is the highest executive magistrate in any district and it is his responsibility to manage the administration in the district. There is variation in DM’s responsibilities in different states.

Maintaining law and order in the district.
Controlling and directing the police.
The Deputy Commissioner, who plays the role of District Magistrate, is the head of the criminal administration.
To oversee subordinate executive magistrates.
To certify the implementation of the death penalty.
The District is responsible for maintaining the district’s lockups and prisons.
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